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Open You can carry on from the previous Chapter or open XP_Tutorial4.xpdxYou can carry on from the previous Chapter or switch to .
- Expand the Phase Management section of the Tree View and right-click on the Developed phase then select Duplicate Phase. Right-click on the new phase and select Rename Phase, calling it Sizing of Treatment then switch to the Sizing of Treatment
- phase by selecting from the drop-down list on the left Tree View panel if
- it is not already
Now that the Treatment Train is laid out you can review the Analysis Criteria and Rainfall set up by browsing to the Analysis ribbon and selecting Analysis Criteria.
- The Rainfall used in the Analysis Criteria can be altered by selecting Edit. This opens up the Rainfall Manager, within here a variety of rainfall types can be created, amended, or imported into the software to be used for analysis.
- Rainfall Manager allows management of rainfall data. Multiple rainfall events can be created under one file which allows much greater ease in switching between rainfall types for analysis. It also enables entire sets of rainfalls to be loaded in to the manager, allowing standard sets of rainfall profiles to be used for varying jobs. Also found within Rainfall Manager is the ability to build IDF Profiles, or Temporal Patterns which can be used in conjunction with previously defined rainfalls.
- For this tutorial we are going to be using a pre-existing set of rainfall profiles, which are present in the file Metric_Rainfall.xprm. If the Rainfall Manager is empty this file will need to be loaded in using the button at the top of Rainfall Manager.
- If we need to create a new rainfall profile we would select the required rainfall type and then select the button at the top of the window. This then populates the right hand side with the relevant data entry fields that need to be populated.
The default Analysis Criteria and SCS FSR Rainfall events do not need to be updated before running the model. Further information about the Analysis Criteria dialog and the Rainfall Manager can be found on the given Help topic Analysis Criteria.
- Click OK or Cancel to close the Rainfall Manager and Analysis Criteria forms.
Expand the Phase Management section of the TreeView and click the Go icon to turn off the Completed Design from Analysis.
- Validate the project by selecting Validate under the Analysis ribbon. This carries out a check of your network to make sure that all values in your network are within suitable ranges. Once the validation is complete a window will pop up displaying any errors or warnings found during the validation.
Now that we know our network is valid we can run the analysis. This can be done by selecting Go under the Analysis ribbon.
Note: Validation is automatically run when selecting Go.
- The Stormwater Controls Summary result table appears automatically after an Analysis has been run. These results indicate at a glance if the stormwater controls in the design are suitably sized. The Stormwater Controls Summary result table can also be selected on the Results ribbon.
- The different storm events simulated can be selected by using the Storm Selection list at the bottom of the screen or on the Results ribbon. Note the Percentage Available volume in the SWCs and if there are any Flood Risk or Flooded status for each Storm.
- It is possible to view All Items for an individual storm event, or All Storms for an individual Item. Select the Critical Storm icon to highlight the worst case event by Max Depth.
Viewing a long section Profile of the entire Treatment Train is often the easiest way to check the volume performance on a site. The Profiles > Show Profile can be selected under the Results ribbon. The Profile animation playback is located at the bottom of the Profile view.
All objects shown within the Profile view can be edited by double-clicking an individual item. The image below shows editing the Dry Pond SWC.
Change the Storm Selection to the 240 mins Winter event and you can see the basin filling.
- A quantified comparison between the Existing and Developed Phases can be made using the Phases Report option under the Results ribbon.
- Select the Comparison tab and fill Fill out the Phases Comparison Report window as below, then select the Update Preview button to display both tabular and graphical comparisons. By scrolling down through the storm events, you will find whether or not the Developed conditions design meets or exceeds the Existing site discharge therefore we will have to size our treatment system to try and reduce these rates to existing site conditions. Depending on how the initial Treatment Train was laid out, small differences between the comparisons shown below may be observed.
As we can see from our results, our developed phase discharge rates are currently a lot higher than our existing site, therefore we will have to size our treatment system to try and reduce these rates to existing site conditions.Image Added
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- We can also look at the results for our connections, to see how well they are coping with the flows. To do this, select Connections from the Summaries section of the Results tab.
This then opens up the following window which displays the status in the pipes for either all items or specific connections. As we only have one flow path it does not matter if the Select Filter option is selected as All Items or Flow Path.
The Critical Storm for pipes can be determined by selecting Critical Storm at the top of the window. This allows you to analyse which storms provide the worst conditions for the pipes in your network.
- Navigate back to the Profile view of the flow path and select any storm. Use the Playback Animation toolbar to view the inundation across the system. Note the red horizontal lines indicate the Maximum Hydraulic Grade Line (HGL) for the elements within the system and the orange icon shown in the screenshot below indicates that the manhole, and therefore the pipe downstream, is experiencing surcharging.
- We can also run simulations for the 1:30 year storms, which can be done by changing the rainfall in Analysis Criteria. Change the rainfall to FSR 30 and rerun the analysis.
After running the analysis the Stormwater Controls Summary window is automatically displayed, within this window we can select Critical Storm, just like with the pipes, to show us the worst case scenario.
From these results we can see that the stormwater control is coping with the volume of water, even with the critical storm. However, as we previously saw with the Phases Report, we are discharging at too high a rate therefore we will alter the pond in the next section to mitigate this.
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