Outfalls are the location that water can leave the Site. These are identified by the software and can be given additional restriction options to reflect the outfall being surcharged, if needed.

Identifying Outfalls

A location is considered to be an outfall location if:

  • It is a  Junctions or Stormwater Controls - SWC, that has one or more  Outlets with no downstream connection. i.e. each such Outlet has no downstream conditions.
  • It is a Junction (or Manhole) with no Outlets.

    Note

    Where an outfall is a Manhole with no outlets the analysis will ignore the chamber dimensions as it is seen as free discharging (except where there is an surcharged level)


When a Junction or Stormwater Control has been determined to have an Outfall additional options will be shown on the data form, and Tables, to allow the outfall restrictions to be specified if needed.

Outfall Details

The set of Outfalls for the whole phase can be viewed and their restrictions specified on a storm by storm basis.

Note: all levels are above ordnance datum.

Outfalls Tab

This allows the outfalls to be viewed and the Type for each outfall to be specified.

Outlet Type

This is the type of outfall restriction that is in place:

  • Free Discharge - water will leave the outlets based on the depth of water in system alone. i.e. without considering any downstream conditions.
  • Fixed Surcharge Level - Allows a level to be specified that the outlets will act against. i.e. the water level in the system must be above this level before water will leave any of the unconnected outlets.
  • Variable Surcharge Level - Allows a level curve, that varies with time, to be specified that the outlets will act against. i.e. the water level in the system must be above this level before water will leave any of the unconnected outlets.

Note

Where a Junction/Manhole has not outlets the water will pass straight through for discharge. Where a Fixed Surcharge Level is specified the water will build up to this level before discharging

.

Once the Outfall Type has been selected the actually value can be varied on a Storm by Storm basis as needed. This can be useful if the level will be dependant on the storm being analysed.

Level Curves Tab

This allows the set of Level Curves (Hydrographs) that are required to be specified and edited.

The (top) table provides a list of the Curves that are required to describe outfall restrictions for each outfall and/or storm.

This displays:

Name- The label given to the curve to aid identification.

Duration - The total length of the curve.

Max Level - The maximum level found in the curve.

Extension Option - Specify how the curve should be extended IF the analysis runtime exceeds the duration of the curve. The options are:

        • Extend Last Level - The last entry in the curve will be used for the remaining duration of the analysis
        • Repeat Curve - The entire curve will be repeated until the analysis is completed. Note: This option is best used when the curve is periodic. i.e. repeats at a regular interval such that it starts and ends at the same level.

Add/Remove Curves

The + and - buttons are used to add and remove curves from the table as needed. It is possible to select multiple rows and delete them at once.

Note

If a curve is currently being referenced on the Outfalls tab this will be reset to '(none)' if the curve is deleted, which will prevent the analysis from running until a new curve is selected.

Editing the Curve

When a curve is highlighted on the top table its details can be edited in the panel below. The values can be entered directly, pasted or loaded from file. The graph then shows a representation of the visual data that has been entered.

Load - Allows data to be loaded from: Level Hydrograph Files (IDHYLX), CSV, TXT or Excel formats using the Universal Importer.

Save - Allows the hydrograph to be saved to a Level Hydrograph File (IDHYLX) so it can be reused on another design.

Delete Row - The currently selected row(s) are removed.

Clear - The whole table is cleared.

Accessing the form

The Outfall Details can be accessed from the Tree View or the Analysis Ribbon.

Alternatively , when a Junction or SWC is an Outfall location an option that links to the Outfall Details form is shown on the Outlets tab.

Results

The totals from the individual outfalls are considered together to produce the outflow rates and volumes shown on the Phase Management.