Infiltration Trench stormwater controls may be used to model a range of stormwater controls including, but not limited to Infiltration Trenches, Trench Soakaways, French Drains, all with and without under drain pipes.
The Total Volume value shown in the bottom-right corner of the data form shows the volume available in the system up to the Freeboard level.
The depth within the stormwater control is determined from two of the following three parameters, with the third automatically calculated based on the option selected:
Freeboard - Controls how close to the specified Exceedence Level the water must reach before the Status (on the Summary) shows Flood Risk.
Void Ratio - The percentage of the storage volume that is available for storage. This is dictated by the type of fill material that is used. I.e. Typically 30% for rubble.
Length - The maximum path length through the stormwater control, used only for the purpose of calculating Time of Travel. The Length will be automatically set from the dimensions of the stormwater control unless over typed, in which case it is set to "user specified".
Longitudinal Slope - Slope along the length of the stormwater control.
Width - The width of the stormwater control.
Under Drain: Specifies whether a pipe or conduit under drain is present in the lowest layer of the filter area. If under drain is on the following can be specified:
Height Above Base - Height of the invert of the pipe above the base of the stormwater control.
Diameter - Defines the diameter of the pipe/s.
No of Barrels - Represents the number of pipes.
Velocity Calculation Type - Specifies the formula used to calculate velocity and time of travel. Select from: Manning's, and Colebrook-White. The variable below the combo box depends on the Velocity Calculation Type selected.
n - Manning’s n roughness value. Used by the Manning Formula equation to calculate the velocity and therefore time of travel when using the Manning's Velocity Calculation Type.
Roughness - Colebrook-White roughness value. Used by the Colebrook-White Formula equation to calculate the velocity and therefore time of travel when using the Colebrook-White Velocity Calculation Type.
Release Height - Height above the invert of the under drain pipe at which the water is released (marked in red on the diagram below). This is commonly used to create a saturated zone.
The Sizing Calculator option allows the user to re-size the Infiltration Trench by specifying a volume and a parameter to modify to achieve that volume. The Sizing Calculator is discussed in more detail in the Stormwater Control Sizing Calculator section.
Explore the Inlets page for more details on the different types of Inlets that can be specified.
Explore the Outlets page for more details on the different types of Outlets that can be specified.
Base infiltration rate - Defines the rate of infiltration through the base of the filter area. This should be determined from a performance site test.
Side infiltration rate - Defines the rate of infiltration through the sides of the filter area. This should be determined from a performance site test.
Interception Volume - The volume of water that enters the stormwater control that is permanently held within it. Once full it can be emptied by evapotranspiration only.
Evapotranspiration - The amount of water lost to the environment due to evaporation, transpiration and evapotranspiration. Used by the software during analysis. First the evapotranspiration removes water held in the stormwater control, then it removes water from the interception storage volume.
Horizontal Retention - Specifies the time for water to pass from the inlet to the outlet in the horizontal direction. This is used in the Analysis of SWC/Junctions method to calculate velocity, flow and volume for each timestep.The value can be calculated based on the dimensions of the system in several ways:
Retention Coefficient - Analysis of SWC/Junctions attenuation coefficient – scalar value between 0.1 and 0.5. This will be calculated automatically from the dimensions of the system using Muskingum-Cunge. Alternatively the value can be entered by the user if known to bypass any calculations.
Name- Name of pollutants. This is populated based on the Pollutants set up as part of the Site Data.
Concentration - Value below which the pollution concentration cannot fall during analysis. When concentration reaches this level, no further removal occurs.
Percentage Removal - Available if Percentage Removal entered. The value entered will be deducted from the Inflow into the system.
τ - The decay time constant or (mean) lifetime of the pollutant. It can be entered manually or calculated from the decay constant or decay half-life. See Pollutant Removal Method - First Order Decay for more details.
These systems can be customized to represent a variety of drainage or treatment facilities. Please review the description of each system to see which one would be the most convenient to use.
Workflow - What's next...?